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Eucharist - Place


July 14, 2012

PLACE

The first Eucharist was celebrated in the Upper Room, the "large upper room, furnished and ready" – Bible sais.

The authors treat the place of Early Christians celebrated the Eucharist in the private houses.

With the spread of Christianity, houses in which the Eucharist was celebrated was more and more. In larger cities such as Smyrna, Alexandria, Carthage and Antioch, such houses were even a few.

Some of them had not only a room designed for meetings, but also home to the liturgy.

In other places of worship were sometimes cemeteries, catacombs, rooms in which martyr was dying.

Moreover, in the second century, the Eucharist was also on the graves of the martyrs. In other places, especially in times of persecution, Christians "broke bread" in the open, in desert places, prisons, and on ships.

Separate buildings for the celebration of the Eucharist began in the late second century. In Rome, there were so-called "tituli" - "titular church" Their name is derived from wood or stone tablets with the name of the homeowner. They were donated by the owner of the Christian community and to serve as a place to celebrate the Eucharist. Edict of Milan, which Cesar Konstantin Great discored in 313 b.b.c., expanded of church buildings, like basilicas, churches in castles, monastic, chapel, etc.

FREQUENCY

In the texts given to us by the Evangelists, there are no words of Christ, setting out the frequency of the Eucharist. Acts of the Apostles, describing the life of the early Christians suggest, that it was celebrated every week.

Justin in the middle of the second century gives, that the Eucharist and Sunday were linked. Besides Masses occasionally - at the graves at funerals, funerals, etc. anniversary of the death, Cyprian of Carthage mentions a daily Mass for the prisoners.

Over time, the Saturday became a day of celebration of the Eucharist. This was common practice in the fourth century in Africa. On the other hand, Mass was also celebrating on another days.

After the edict of Milan, Community Mass and occasional Mass reached even those celebrated in religious orders. Councils of Laodicea and Carthage 360-390 390 - both forbidden celebrate Mass in private homes.

The frequency of the Eucharist was different in different regions. At the end of the fourth century, Eucharist was celebrated daily in Milan, Spain and North Africa, and in the fifth century, also in Alexandria.

TIME

The early Christians celebrated the Eucharist together with agape, which - as a main meal – was eaten in the evening.

Over time, due to link Sunday Mass is no longer with the death of Christ, but of His resurrection, they began to celebrate Mass in the morning. The practice of the liturgy of vigil remained only for the Easter Vigil, Pentecost, Christmas and Sundays, days of quarterly. Only in exceptional cases (eg, lack of freedom of religion) were allowed to celebrate Mass the evening.

Fr. Tony, Pastor